[kids-lib] Research: What do libraries need to know about dyslexia?

Katie Anderson katie.anderson at state.or.us
Thu Sep 10 09:49:18 PDT 2015

After sending this email<http://listsmart.osl.state.or.us/pipermail/kids-lib/attachments/20150723/c96704ee/attachment.html> about library services for dyslexic patrons, I was invited to attend a workshop about dyslexia presented by Barbara Steinberg at Multnomah County Library (thank you!). Many of you know Barbara because she has presented 'Becoming Thinkers' about how children learn to read at an OLA Annual Conferences, CSD Workshop, and two Focus Institutes.

This is the second in a series of three emails about dyslexia. You can read the first email here<http://listsmart.osl.state.or.us/pipermail/kids-lib/attachments/20150903/7ce5ac0d/attachment.html>.

What do you need to know about dyslexia?

*         Dyslexia is a neurological processing problem (their brain is wired differently). It is not a problem with vision. People with dyslexia can see just fine, they have difficulty manipulating language.

*         Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties with word recognition, spelling, and decoding. These difficulties typically are the result of a deficit in the phonological component of language.

*         People with dyslexia are of average or above average intelligence, motivated to learn, and have had adequate reading/writing instruction yet they struggle with reading, writing, spelling, and/or math.

*         Dyslexia is on a continuum, it isn't an all-or-nothing phenomenon. Some people have mild dyslexia, others have severe dyslexia, and most are somewhere in between.

*         Dyslexia has a genetic component, it can run in families. It is not dependent on intelligence, socioeconomic status, parent's level of education, race/ethnicity, native language, or gender.

*         Dyslexia is a persistent problem-there is no cure, it never goes away.

*         The only treatment for dyslexia is expert teaching. Effective teaching can change brain function-i.e. people with dyslexia can learn to read via the way their brain is wired!

*         There are accommodations that help people with dyslexia read successfully-e.g. a wheelchair is an accommodation that helps people with mobility issues get from one place to another, but it doesn't treat whatever is causing the problem limiting their mobility.

*         The library can help patrons with dyslexia by providing some accommodations and referring them to organizations that specialize in providing treatment and/or resources for people with dyslexia.

Learn more about dyslexia by watching this 4.34 minute video<https://youtu.be/zafiGBrFkRM>. It is really worth less than 5 minutes of your time!

Experience dyslexia "Through Your Child's Eyes<https://www.understood.org/en/tools/through-your-childs-eyes>."

The third email will be about what libraries can do for people with dyslexia. Expect it in one week.


Katie Anderson, Youth Services Consultant
Library Support and Development Services<http://www.oregon.gov/osl/LD/pages/index.aspx>
Oregon State Library, 250 Winter St. NE, Salem, OR 97301
katie.anderson at state.or.us<mailto:katie.anderson at state.or.us>, 503-378-2528
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The above information is from the handout/PowerPoint I received at the training by Barbara Steinberg. These are the references she listed so should be the sources of the research above.

*         The Challenge of Learning to Read Louisa Moats

*         National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD)

*         Yale Center for Dyslexia & Creativity

*         Overcoming Dyslexia (Sally Shaywitz)

*         Understanding Dyslexia and Other Learning Disabilities (Linda Siegel)

*         Essentials of Assessment and Intervention by Nancy Mather & Barbara Wendling; John Wiley (2013)

*         International Dyslexia Association

*         www.understood.org<http://www.understood.org>

*         Shaywitz, S. E. (2003). Overcoming Dyslexia: A new and complete science-based program for reading problems at any level. New York, NY: Knopf.

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